在埃德·哈迪(Ed Hardy)和水手杰里(Sailor Jerry)之前,有几个人被认为是美国纹身的先驱:八月“Cap” 科尔曼 和 Franklin Paul Rogers. When you trace the history of tattooing, a good chunk of the great flash icons can be linked directly back to these American masters.

八月“Capt.” 科尔曼 1884年出生于俄亥俄州辛辛那提附近。虽然 科尔曼 claimed his father was also a tattooist, his name has not surfaced as part of tattoo history (Paul Rogers was always a bit skeptical about that story). It is well known that 科尔曼 settled in Norfolk, Virginia around 1918 和 quickly became a living legend in the tattoo business.

八月帽 科尔曼 watercolor by Pepe
八月帽 科尔曼 watercolor by Pepe

It is unclear who did 科尔曼’s tattooing but some of it was probably done by hand. Many of 科尔曼’他在诺福克(Norfolk)商店橱窗里陈列的小雕像上可以看到纹身,包括大鹰,国旗胸甲,肚子上的船,膝盖上的太阳图案和精美的袜子设计。这个雕像现在是水手的一部分’的博物馆收藏在弗吉尼亚州纽波特纽斯。

When 科尔曼 set up his shop on East Main Street in Norfolk, it was one of the more “colorful” streets in town. Norfolk was a major seaport at this time with ships from around the world arriving 和 departing daily. The street was lined with tattoo shops with plenty of sailors to fill them. 科尔曼’商店位于古老的雄伟剧院附近,该剧院后来被称为欢乐剧院,是水手经常光顾的脱衣舞和滑稽表演之家。

Otto Trager 和 八月Bernard “Cap” 科尔曼, Norfolk, Virginia, 1937
Otto Trager 和 八月Bernard “Cap” 科尔曼, Norfolk, Virginia, 1937 –威廉·T·拉德克利夫(William T.Radcliffe)摄

科尔曼’的名片说,他提供封面工作,包括针,设计,颜色,模板和机器等耗材,但他从事耗材业务的方法很低调。正如他精心制作的双面名片所示,他似乎非常确定自己在纹身界的地位。卡片上显示了他的两张照片,并提及所有在他身上精选文章的杂志。他没有’甚至认为有必要提及他的地址,并简单地说:“Look for 科尔曼’在大街上的位置“.

1950年6月,诺福克’s City Council ruled tattooing illegal, 科尔曼 和 many other tattooists were forced out of the city. Many of the Norfolk tattooists, including 格里姆肖科尔曼,横渡伊丽莎白河,并在弗吉尼亚州朴茨茅斯开设了商店。

科尔曼’的尸体在 伊丽莎白河 near his home on October 25, 1973. Authorities suspected that he slipped 和 fell into the river. 科尔曼 invested his tattooing money wisely in the stock market. At the time of his death he had accumulated a small fortune, which he generously left to several local charities.

八月帽 科尔曼'1936年在弗吉尼亚州诺福克市的纹身店
八月帽 科尔曼’1936年在弗吉尼亚州诺福克市的纹身店